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四级真题倏地浏览剖析

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雅虎排名 www.vicvinc.cn 四级真题倏地浏览剖析
样题Universities Branch Out来自于2007年12月四级真题的倏地浏览译文。这合乎本次4、六级英语测验革新民间说法"原倏地浏览了解调剂为长篇浏览了解,篇章长度和难度稳定。"而标题实则与之前考法殊途同归?;榕涮馐滓谟诙ㄎ?,则就定位咱们遵照专著名词,数词,连字符词,动宾布局,题干新资讯等之前课上讲的定位准则,详细咱们以样题来操纵。

46. American universities prepare their undergraduates for global careers by giving them chances for international study or internship.

译文:

D Universities are also encouraging students to spend some of their undergraduate years in another country. In Europe, more than 140,000 students participate in the Erasmus program each year, taking courses for credit in one of 2, 2000 participating institutions across the continent. And in the United States, institutions are helping place students in summer internships(练习)abroad to prepare them for global careers. Yale and Harvard have led the way, offering every undergraduate at least one international study or internship opportunity and providing the financial resources to make it possible.

紧张提醒:请列位同窗看2007年12月倏地浏览的第4题

47. Since the mid-1970s, the enrollment of overseas students has increased at an annual rate of 3.9 percent.

译文:

C Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of 3.9 percent, from 8000,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2994. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries id growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America's best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.

紧张提醒:请列位同窗看2007年12月倏地浏览的第2题

48. The enrollment of international students will have a positive impact on America rather than threaten its competitiveness.

译文:

I Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation's well-being through their scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fail to grasp that welcoming foreign students to the United States has two important positive effects:and like immigrants throughout history-strength the nation; and second, foreign students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished(珍爱) values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere, few Instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming international university students.

49. The way research is carried out in universities has changed as a result of globalization.

译文:

E Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical Shanghai's Fudan University, in collaboration with faculty colleagues from both schools. The Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4300-square-meter laboratory seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both countries; Xu's Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducing from a word-class scientist and his U.S. team.

紧张提醒:请列位同窗看2007年12月倏地浏览的第5题

50. Of the newly hired professors in science and engineering in the United States, twenty percent come from foreign countries.

译文:

C Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study abroad has grown at an annual rate of 3.0 percent, from 8000,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2994. Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed countries id growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America's best institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly hired faculty hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.

紧张提醒:请列位同窗看2007年12月倏地浏览的第5题

51. The number of foreign students applying to U.S. universities decreased sharply after September 11 due to changes in the visa process.

译文:

H American politicians have great difficulty recognizing that admitting more foreign students can greatly promote the national interest by increasing international understanding. Adjusted for inflation, public funding for international exchanges and foreign-language study is well below the levels of 40 years ago. In the wake of September 11,changes in the visa process caused a dramatic decline in the number of foreign students seeking admission to U.S.

紧张提醒:请列位同窗看2007年12月倏地浏览的第8题

52. The U.S. federal funding for research has been unsteady for years.

译文:

G For all its success, the United States remains deeply hesitant about sustaining the research university model. Most politician recognize the link between investment in science and national economic strength, but support for research funding has been unsteady. The budget of the National Institutes of Health doubled between 1998 and 2003,but has risen more slowly than inflations since then. Support for the physical sciences and engineering barely kept pace with inflation during that same period. The attempt to make up lost ground is welcome, but the nation would be better served by steady, predictable increases in science funding at the rate of long-term GDP growth, which is on the order of inflation plus 3 percent per year.

紧张提醒:请列位同窗看2007年12月倏地浏览的第7题

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